Read Wiara i wina: do i od komunizmu by Jacek Kuroń Online


Wskrzeszenia umar ych i inne cuda Stanis aw Piasta Pokj Wam Ju osiem miesi cy od mojego nawrcenia Jak wida ju si oswoi em z tym co nowego si dzieje w moim yciu Wygl da, e zajmuj si spraw cudw na ziemi. Transsubstancjacja Wikipedia, wolna encyklopedia Transsubstancjacja ac transsubstantiatio lub przeistoczenie w teologii katolickiej oznacza rzeczywist przemian substancji podczas Eucharystii chleba i wina w cia o i krew Jezusa Chrystusa.Termin ten zosta przyj ty podczas Soboru Latera skiego IV w roku Teolodzy prawos awni u ywaj czasem terminu transsubstancjacja uwa aj jednak, e termin ten ma Karaimi Karaimi na Krymie tradycje i obrz dy Religijne wsplnoty Karaimw znajduj si na terenach Polski, Litwy, Francji, Australii, Moskwy, Rosji oraz Ukrainy Najwi ksz spo eczno ci karaimsk s Karaimi krymscy W Polsce yje ok Karaimw, szczeglnie w Warszawie i okolicy, na Wybrze u i Dolnym l sku. KATECHEIN Strona katechetw parafii w.Ap.Piotra i Paw a w D bnie yczenia Bo onarodzeniowe yczenia na Bo e Narodzenie yczenia Bo onarodzeniowe Niech te wi ta sprawi , e b dziecie potrafili cieszy si tym co macie Niech marzenia zmieni si w cele, Nagisa Shingetsu Danganronpa Wiki FANDOM powered by Wikia Nagisa Shingetsu Shingetsu Nagisa to posta wyst puj ca w Danganronpa Another Episode Ultra Despair Girls Nagisa jest wice liderem Wojownikw Nadziei Nosi tytu Superszkolny WOS ch sh gakusei ky no shakai no jikan. Kazanie na Uroczysto Objawienia Pa skiego Ks John A ujrzawszy gwiazd , uradowali si rado ci bardzo wielk Drodzy Wierni, W rodku nocy, kiedy ca y wiat pogr ony by w ciemno ci, w stajence w Betlejem narodzi si nasz Pan Jezus Chrystus. R aniec zaufaj Modlitwy i rozwa ania Wiara i modlitwa R ANIEC NAJ WI TSZEJ MARYI PANNY WST P W Fatimie Matka Bo a powiedzia a do dzieci Jestem Naj wi tsz Pann R a cow. Prokapitalizm, gospodarka, polityka, historia Polska i wiat Pan Mike Pompeo, cz owiek z Wichita , pokaza w a nie nad Wis , co to znaczy pe nokrwisty absolwent West Point oraz szcz liwy biznesmen z lotniczej bran y, wyros y Kara mierci we Francji Wikipedia, wolna encyklopedia Nale y poda wiarygodne rd a, najlepiej w formie przypisw bibliograficznych Cz lub nawet wszystkie informacje w artykule mog by nieprawdziwe Jako pozbawione rde mog zosta zakwestionowane i usuni te.


Title : Wiara i wina: do i od komunizmu
Author :
Rating :
ISBN : 9788370234348
Format Type : ePub
Number of Pages : 377 Pages
Status : Available For Download
Last checked : 21 Minutes ago!

Wiara i wina: do i od komunizmu Reviews

  • Piotr
    2019-03-06 15:35

    [Kuroń was one of the important figures in the opposition against the communist regime in Poland.]It's more of a personal memoire than anything else (sometimes he jumps back and forth in time),one showing history of seeing, and acting with, the system from the first person perspective.And with a lot of sharp observations of how people act in society. (He had a great sense of psychology and sociology.)Kuroń was born into a leftist family in Lwów, now Ukraine, by then - Poland.As a young kid he experienced the WW2. While he was relatively safe, he couldn't not think about the suffering of others - especially Jewish children in the ghetto. And even at this age he was not only very empathic of strangers, but also - people that hurt him (excusing them for being poor, being loved by no-one, etc). When the war ended, it looked like a socialist's dream - building paradise: a new, better society, without capitalism, even if from the ashes. He was active in communist scout movement. As he didn't like military-style hierarchy - he tried to put as flat structure as possible, with a lot of democracy, raising awareness of being responsible for others (especially weaker ones) etc. (Quite ironically, he raised a whole group of the new opposition.)And here got typical experiences:- when you except children to be responsible, more than often - they are- even in systems lead by democratically-acclaimed talented leaders there are problems - no-one cares for minority votes/opinions, and people how know that they have little influence (e.g. as they are shy or not as socially talented) feel excluded from the decision system(He considered that he was too non-critical of the socialism, as every time he read nationalistic books, he was repelled by them (not surprisingly). But he missed shades of grey, he missed that some right-wing people were actually right on the socialist regime, he didn't oppose when some old scout organizations were disbanded because of not being subordinate enough to the regime, etc.)It was a success to a large degree and someone decided (from the party, not - from the scout movement) that all over the Poland, every school should have a scout unit. But, not unexpectedly, it was not a good idea.(Typical schematic: good bottom-up thing enforced top-down with the emphasis on some superficial features.)Only best students were allowed to join (instead of ones that _wanted_), teachers didn't have time or interest in leading them, and they were doing the most boring things (like marches for some socialist festivals).When it comes to advancing in socialist's ranks he was quickly disillusioned - the idealist stayed at the bottom, while one's not caring about the idea, but caring a lot about the career, were keeping getting promoted.(And in general, no matter if there are socialists, scout captains, teachers or military officers, he saw that in every place:- there are a few outstanding ones,- there are a few horrible ones,- most of people either want to do as little as possible to keep their post and salary OR want to do a lot, but for their promotion; in both cases the initial idea is basically not important.) He started working in the opposition, de facto among group of their friends.Initially, and for a long time, it was trying to make socialism better, or - the regime following socialist ideals.It took long time to realize that well, it's not possible.That declared socialist values have little in common with the reality. (E.g. it's all about play of personal interests, rather than national ones; companies are not owned by capitalists but it does not mean that they are owned by people - they are owned by state/party with their interests, etc.)The opposition was interesting, because it was much of a psychological game - with others, with the regime. Almost never it was sure what would be acceptable, for what he will go to prison. As I said, he worked within a group of friends (later, some criticized them for being to hermetic - it was hard to join without knowing in-jokes or personal gossips, etc). But what was proven to be important - in case of repressions, years spent in prison, etc - it is crucial to know that there are people waiting for you. When there were country-wide protests, some people thought it's party's agents who have stirred it. (Because protests only in Warsaw would not make them that easy to justify repressions.) But, as he said, only people who have never organized any movement can say that - even with a lot of work and community-building it is hard to make people acting - just calling for action by an unknown person won't work.While spending his time in prison, he met various kinds of people (well, from political prisoners and people who were there basically for being capitalists to real thugs). For some time he even introduced himself as Jewish (to see if antisemitism was strong, or - if it was mostly party's propaganda tool to mask Soviet influence) - but most of the time he saw no difference how people interacted with him. [Related to Polish March '68 - students' protests and expulsion of Jews,]But, at least, the most grotesque meeting was with one Nazi war criminal (Jacek had his own speculation why they hadn't executed him). Even after more than two decades after the war, he was still a firm believer in the 3rd Reich mission - to make new Roman Empire, prosperous and living in peace. And, for him, it was his "paradise", one worth exceptional means (for him killing innocent was a grave atrocity - but justifiable given the end goal).While he [Jacek] still claims that the dream of building a better place is an important thing, one of the most important hopes, especially in case of lack of eternal life, he saw (perhaps the clearest possible) example that sacrificing others for the sake of making this dream come true is unacceptable (no matter how much _we_ want to sacrifice ourselves). He was in ave of Christianity. While raised as an atheist himself, and initially treating religion as 'the opium for masses', his own concept of altruism, care for the weak & oppressed, and forgiveness resonated with Christian one. (He called socialists 'Christians without a God'; and also somehow related dreams of creating a paradise; in socialist case - on Earth.)But even when his beloved wife died, he didn't convert to it.He knew that deep faith requires forgetting about one's doubts - and that can also lead people do doing bad things in the good (nomen omen) faith. He remembered too well his former blind belief in socialism...