Read the gospel according to mark by Jorge Luis Borges Online


The Gospel According to Andr Magnolia Pictures Andr Leon Talley has been a fixture in the world of fashion for so long that it s difficult to imagine a time when he wasn t defining the boundaries of great style Kate Novack s intimate portrait, The Gospel According to Andr takes viewers on an emotional journey from Andr s roots growing up in the segregated Jim Crow South to become one of the most influential tastemakers and The Gospel According to St Matthew film Wikipedia The Gospel According to Matthew Italian Il vangelo secondo Matteo is a Italian biographical drama film directed by Pier Paolo Pasolini.It is a cinematic rendition of the story of Jesus Christ according to the Gospel of Saint Matthew, from the Nativity through the Resurrection.In , the Vatican City newspaper L Osservatore Romano called it the best film on Christ ever made. Gospel According to John Description, Authorship Gospel According to John, fourth of the four New Testament narratives recounting the life and death of Jesus Christ.John s is the only one of the four not considered among the Synoptic Gospels i.e those presenting a common view Although the Gospel is ostensibly written by St John the Apostle, the beloved disciple of Jesus, there has been considerable discussion of the actual The Gospel According to Mary Magdalene Gnosis The Gospel According to Mary Magdalene The Gospel of Mary Chapter Pages to of the manuscript, containing chapters , are lost The extant text starts on The Gospel According to Patti LaBelle Wikipedia The Gospel According to Patti LaBelle is the first gospel album released by singer Patti LaBelle, released in November . This project began three years ago when Patti s late musical director and close friend Budd Ellison told a skeptical LaBelle that it s now or never, Patti. Gospel According to Luke Description, History, Facts Gospel According to Luke Gospel According to Luke, third of the four New Testament Gospels and, with Mark and Matthew, one of the three Synoptic Gospels It is traditionally credited to St Luke, a close associate of St Paul the Apostle, and was written for Gentile converts. The Gospel According to Jesus Revised Updated The first edition of The Gospel According to Jesus won wide acclaim in confronting the easy believism that has characterized some aspects of evangelical Christianity. The Gospel according to Bart Bible Daniel B Wallace Daniel B Wallace has taught Greek and New Testament courses on a graduate school level since He has a Ph.D from Dallas Theological Seminary, and is currently professor of New Testament Studies at his alma mater. The Trinity Foundation The Gospel According to John The Gospel According to Jesus, John F MacArthur, Jr Grand Rapids Zondervan, indexed, pages, Forewords by James Montgomery Boice and J I Packer. CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA Gospel and Gospels The word Gospel usually designates a written record of Christ s words and deeds It is very likely derived from the Anglo Saxon god good and spell to tell , and is generally treated as the exact equivalent of the Greek euangelion eu well, aggello, I bear a message , and the Latin Evangelium, which has passed into French, German, Italian, and other modern languages.


Title : the gospel according to mark
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ISBN : 12138806
Format Type : e-Book
Number of Pages : 209 Pages
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the gospel according to mark Reviews

  • Sidharth Vardhan
    2019-03-07 08:24

    A story ridiculing the tradition of sacrifice or blind faith or literal understanding of Bible? An allegory on the religion of masses which feeds on their fear? A warning that one must be careful with what one preaches? An alternative and beautifully controversial version of Christ's story? I think Borges was just having fun.Find it here: big the-chef-is-the-murderer kind of spoiler (view spoiler)[The allusion to flood is hard to miss. One can see in retrospect that the woman does the job of the Devil in offering the temptation. That stand-in Christ fails to resist the temptation and that his sacrifice is forced upon him is attractively blasphemous. (hide spoiler)]

  • Gardner
    2019-03-12 07:18

    The Gospel According to Mark was an incredibly interesting and stimulating text to read as a non religious reader. I have always been interested by religion but have never read the Bible myself. Because of this, my understanding of the stories in it are somewhat vague; however, the analogy to the life of Espinosa and that of Jesus Christ was easy to see right from the beginning. From the fact that he’s 33 years old, the age Christ was killed, to the commentary on Noah’s arch during the flood, the story mirrored Christ’s rise and fall. However, what really struck me was that the story was more of a commentary on religion and the practice of preaching. The Gutres were illiterate people who had lost their ability to creatively think for themselves or make independent decisions. In the end, after Espinosa reads them the story of Christ’s crucifixion, they hang him on a cross, believing this will be their ticket to salvation. To me this was a direct stab at the idea of taking the Bible literally, something that can have incredibly bad repercussions. All across the world, there are extremists who take their religious stories literally and often times use it as justification for crimes and actions. This story showed how when taken literally, the Bible can have the opposite effect. Instead of preaching the teachings of Christ for a positive end, it resulted in the murdering of Espinosa.

  • Jo Ann
    2019-02-28 07:34

    I came upon this short story through the Literary Darkness group, thanks guys for expanding my reading knowledge. Having never read anything by Jorge Luis Borges before I wasn't sure what to expect. The story is only 4 pages long and takes about 5 minutes to read. The ending caught me by surprise!The Gospel according to Mark

  • Alissa
    2019-02-20 13:32

    The Argentinian author, Jorge Luis Borges, composes a twisted tale, “The Gospel According to Mark,” in which he graphically reveals the troubles and differences between the social classes that exist in Argentina. He writes in a highly symbolic and ironic style as he weaves the story of the fate of the good man, Baltasar Espinosa. The tragedy is full of paradox and situational irony that reveals itself fully in the last sentence of the story. Borges writes from the point of view of a omniscient narrator as he voices his opinion of those of lower social classes and the dangers that can ensue when one trusts and tries to improve their condition. Borges reveals that the characters in the story are below him in social class and that despite any efforts to improve oneself or others the essence of their being always remains. The main character, Baltasar Espinosa, is described “as one of the common run of young men from Buenos Aires” perhaps not of the upper class who is an unsuccessful medical student. Although widely intelligent, the author notes, “he still had not qualified for graduation in the subject to which he was most drawn.” So even though he is intelligent and educated he appears to be destined to remain in the more common class. When he encounters the Gutres family, Baltasar Espinosa describes them as “barely articulate” and “none of whom could read or write.” But when left alone and isolated by rain at the ranch with them, he turns to them for companionship at dinner and reads to them in the evenings. Ironically the Gutres who lack religious faith enjoy the Gospel According to Mark, as it is delivered by Espinosa. The reader himself is also agnostic and rejects most religious dogma and follows the evolutionist theories of the men of his time. But Mark proves to be a dangerous introduction and although the Gutres seemed to improve in behavior, the superstitious nature of their pampa Indian blood rang true. Ultimately they sacrifice the man who has become their god in an odd form of homage and salvation. Thus proving that it is difficult to change the nature or class of an individual because everything is seen from their existing point of view despite any attempts of improvement. The construction of ironical events holds the readers attention as Baltasar Espinosa is transformed by the Gutres to be the central character in the Gospel of Mark. In the story Espinosa possesses many of the qualities of Christ in that he is described as having “an almost unlimited kindness and capacity for public speaking” and he is thirty-three years old which is the same age as Christ when he dies on the cross. Espinosa also attempts to help rescue “a good part of the livestock in the flood” like a shepherd would rescue his sheep. He has changed in appearance and grown a beard like Christ is depicted as having in pictures. Ironically the Gutres ask Espinosa, who is a non-believer, about Christ’s salvation so he repeats what the gospel reveals about Christ’s death. Jesus allows himself to be killed he tells them, “Yes, to save everyone from hell.” On the last day as the water from the isolating rains starts to recede, the Gutres treat Espinosa like the Romans treated Christ. The Gutres bow and ask his forgiveness and “Then they mocked him, spat on him, and shoved him.” Similarly the girl weeps like the women who followed Christ to Golgotha. There is a great symbolism in the fact that the Gutres give up the beams of their shelter for the cross of their salvation. Espinosa may resemble Jesus in many ways, but in the end he is sadly and ironically crucified like the God in whom he does not believe.

  • Samk808
    2019-02-21 09:35

    In his short story The Gospel According to Mark Argentinean author Jorge Luis Borges tells the haunting tale of Baltasar Espinosa, a native of Buenos Aires now living on a Ranch in La Colorada. From the title of the story it is apparent from the beginning that there will be a biblical theme to the story and the similarities between Jesus Christ and Baltasar quickly become apparent. He is filled with kindness and has a knack for public speaking, just like Christ. His name is derived from Belshazzar, the Babylonian king whose death was predicted by the prophet Daniel. He is even the same age as Christ when he dies, 33. After Baltasar begins to read the Gutres the Gospel of Mark several events occur that seem to indicate to the Gutres that he is in fact Jesus Christ. First, he performs a “miracle” by healing an injured lamb with a pill instead of with a cobweb, the way the Gutres would have. Next he is tempted by the Gutres daughter, who comes to his room in the night and sleeps with him. Finally he shows his empathy, and lack of theology, by telling the Gutres that all are saved from hell. These three events convinced the uneducated Gutres that Baltasar was the messiah. It is also significant that Borges chose to have Baltasar read the Gospel of Mark to the Gutres. The Gospel of Mark is unique among the gospels for two reasons. First of all there is no Christmas story, something that Baltasar obviously did not have in common with Christ. The second is that the Gospel of Mark contains a theme called the Messianic Secret, in which Christ keeps his identity as the Messiah a secret from all but the 12 apostles. This would explain why the Gutres assumed that Baltasar was Jesus even though he made no such claim.

  • Emily
    2019-03-11 08:44

    I personally had a hard time getting into Jorge Luis Borges' "The Gospel According to Mark." Although he wrote it in a time where more people were educated when it came to understanding the Bible, having grown up in a not as religious family, I had a hard time following what Borges' message was that he wanted to send to his readers. Borges' created a character who represented a modern- day Christ of sorts and how corrupted the American public had become. While he had wanted to portray a story displaying the moral corruption of the American society, he created a story that only a small percent of today's modern society would be able to understand due to the thorough and complex allusions to the Bible. By limiting his message to only a fraction of today's society, his book fails in reaching society as a whole and changing the way Americans think. This book however did have a powerful message to send, once one found the meaning behind the symbols woven throughout it. The main character, Baltasar, had many shared characteristics with Christ; he was able to heal, he read the teachings of the Bible to spread the word of God, and in the end, was even crucified by the others on the ranch. Borges' intention behind Baltasar and his tragic death was to show society how nothing had changed, and that society was corrupted and needed to put the teachings of the Bible into action as opposed to merely reading them.

  • Thomas
    2019-03-15 10:29

    A short story about a young doctor who gets trapped in his cousin's house in Argentina: there, he preaches and reads to the illiterate farm family who hosts him. As someone with little experience regarding biblical texts, I found Borges' use of allusion intriguing. The other members of my short story club and I found the story more symbolic than allegorical, and Borges weaves in quite a few ideas within about four pages. Does the story condemn those who interpret the Bible too literally? Does it cast shame on those who try to convert others, especially those who do not truly abide by Christianity's teachings themselves? From what I've heard of other works written by Borges, he tends to create layers of sophistication, and The Gospel According to Mark is no exception.

  • Yuka Tomita
    2019-02-18 12:43

    The Gospel According to Mark is both entertaining and cleverly ironic. Even without Jorge Luis Borges' allusions to religion and commentary on his time, the story itself is fundamentally well written.The story is told in a somewhat whimsical manner through a third person narrative, yet the reader is still given a good sense of the character's attitudes and persona. The hero, Baltasar Espinosa is set on his path to the countryside, by his cousin Daniel, out of the basic reason of ease. We can see him as just a man, like any other, agreeing to something because it would be more difficult to "dream up reasons for saying no." This serves to show that he is just a man like any other, giving insight into his perspective on himself and creating a relate-able character. All-in-all, his life seems rather standard.However, when he is in La Colorada, surrounded by people with a very different background, we see Espinosa open his mind and learn about life through different eyes. In one example that Borges sites, Baltasar learns how to ride a horse when approaching a settlement. In the meantime, the plot moves forward, highlighting the misfortune of the people, such as heavy downpour that results in the drowning of their livestock (in terms of Biblical reference, this would be the wrath of God). It is especially here in the story that the man named Balthasar displays his goodness & draws parallels to Christ. He provides a roof for the displaced Gutres family, who happen to be illiterate. Hence, when Espinosa stumbled upon the only book in sight, he read to them. This is him as the hero, imparting his knowledge on the people. In the Bible, the Gutres' particularly took interest in the Gospel according to St. Mark, asking him to re-read it so they could "understand it better". Espinosa's perspective on their lack of comprehension was that they were much like children.Baltasar Espinosa did not understand it then, but bit by bit, his foreign knowledge coupled with their meek & narrow understanding of just a single passage in the Bible was causing them to mistake him for Christ. He didn't see that in the end they'd worship him, then hang him on a cross.Taking this story and putting it in the context of it's time, we can see that Borges was commenting not only on the dangers of such literal interpretations of the Bible, but also such literal interpretations of communist and socialist manifesto's.

  • Raymondb
    2019-03-17 09:16

    To begin with I was not much of a fan of Borges The Gospel According to Mark. From what I took from it was a poor interpretation of Christ’s story, whether I am wrong or right that is what I felt the author was trying to portray with this story. The stories main character is Baltasar Espinosa who would be portrayed as Christ in this story and he is living on La Colorada Ranch. As the story goes on he begins to communicate with the Gutres who are also living on the ranch, at first they do not pay much attention to him or the time he takes to read to him but once he pulls out the Gospel According to Mark they become very interested. Even when Baltasar finishes the gospel they ask him to read it once again to get a better understanding. When observing that I could tell that the Gutres were having a difficult time trying to understand Baltasar read the story to them, which I think plays a huge part in the ending of the story. Because of how they understood the Gospel they felt that Baltasar was meant to be crucified by them. Which is the part that most angered me the most because Baltasar was not being crucified for anybody or anything. Christ’s crucifixion was for all of us to be saved, Baltasars’ crucifixion was for nothing. Yes, it could be understood as verbal irony and that Baltasar should have took them time to better interpret the story to the Gutres and I can understand what the author was doing with his words but then again there are many other ways to interpret Christ’s story and I do not think this is one of them. Also with relation to Christ’s story there are some symbolisms and archetypes that can be pointed out throughout the story. For instance the girl would be considered the temptress, she tried to use her sexuality and temptation to bring Baltasar down but it did not work for he had no reason to fall into what she was putting out. Also the beard that Baltasar grows is what creates him to be pictured as Christ. Because of this image that he created of himself, Baltasar would be considered a Sage among the people. An all-knowing leader with great knowledge and to the Gutres that is exactly what he was. Baltasar was the one that read to them and gave them knowledge as well. Those are just a few of the archetypes seen throughout the story.

  • Nick Nemetz
    2019-03-19 15:19

    The Gospel According to Mark, not surprisingly, has many biblical references that ultimately reveal the irony of the story. However, being someone who has been exposed to barely any Christian theology, I did not enjoy the story as much as maybe someone who actually knows about Christ’s story. Although I didn’t pick up on the religious allusions, I do think it is interesting that this urbanite from Buenos Aires enjoys an extremely rural lifestyle that has no contact with the outside world. This story is definitely a comment on society as a whole. Espinosa is described as a man who “worshiped France, but despised the French; he thought little of Americans but approved the fact that there were tall buildings, like theirs, in Buenos Aires” (184). He is clearly a man who is used to city life as he loves tall buildings; however, he is interesting because he loves French culture. Espinosa appears to be a man who especially enjoys culture among other things. He does not appear to be willing to do much work while at the ranch. For example, “the Gutres, helped or hindered by Espinosa, the town dweller, rescued a good part of the livestock, but many animals were drowned” (185). Espinosa is used to the big city lifestyle and although he amazes the Gutres at times by curing a pet lamb with antibiotics for example, it is hard to believe why the Gutres are so attracted to him. With that being said, I don’t think that the story is long enough to explain things like how the Gutres are so devoted to Espinosa when he reads the bible. Although it is probably because they are somewhat illiterate in two languages, they have barely touched the bible in their house in all the years they have lived there. Yet all of the sudden when someone is there to read it to them they become enthralled. With that being said, I feel like this story needs to be longer because then I may have actually picked up on the constant biblical references and that Espinosa was doomed from fairly early on.

  • Wendy
    2019-03-17 13:17

    When the title is, "The Gospel According to Mark, " right off the bat, my mind is already thinking of The Bible. While reading throughout the story, it becomes very clear that the main character, Baltasar, is a recreation of the archetypal "Christ figure" character. Even without knowing anything about Baltasar, just the name alone suggests a Biblical connection. The name Baltasar is found in the Bible in the book of Daniel (coincidence, I think not.) Baltasar is then described as having, "unlimited kindness and a capacity for public speaking," two of the same characteristics that Jesus Christ is known for. The list continues from there; Baltasar is thirty-three, a healer, has a beard, tempted by a woman, betrayed by the people he is closest with, and crucified on a cross. Even the rain that is present multiple times throughout the story has a Biblical purpose. The text reads that Baltasar, "listening to the first heavy drops of rain, thanked God." The rain here is symbolic as it represents the purification and baptism of Baltasar. With every twist and turn of the text, a Biblical undertone is created. The author, Borges, uses these Biblical references to display a deeper meaning within his work of the fact that, blindly following or, in this case, preaching any religion without fully understanding that religion can be fatal. Baltasar is killed, due to his dim attempts to bring Christianity into the Gutres. Wrongly, Baltasar tells the Gutres that even the Roman soliders who hammered Jesus into the cross were all saved. Little did Baltsar know, that this was only leading into his ultimate death.

  • Chris Swisher
    2019-02-18 10:21

    The Gospel According to Mark strikes me a story that could have many different meetings, be they religious or anti-religion. The religious metaphors run rampant in the story, starting with the main character’s name, Baltasar. A well-educated medical student from the city, he goes to live with the Gutres at La Colorada Ranch. The Gutres did not know much about religion, and during spare time Baltasar reads them stories from the bible, particularly from the gospel according to Mark. The Gutres, taking this story quite literally, end up trying to crucify Baltasar. What comes to mind immediately when I think of this is how literally the Bible and religion can be taken, and dangerous that can be if people are not properly educated in their religion. There are many examples of this happening in every day life. Missionaries travel all over the world and try to bring Christianity to the native people of those lands. Some cultures follow the general advice of the missionaries, but it always concerns me that the stories could be taken the wrong way. The Gutres saw Baltasar as a Jesus-like figure, and taking the metaphor out of the story completely, their newfound religious beliefs confused them and they acted out on them. The story as a whole is detailed to the point that you do not need to read too far into it to understand what is going on. This makes the story a good read for anyone that wants to know what it is like to bring religion to people who are uneducated on it.

  • Nina autajay
    2019-03-07 07:45

    “The Gospel According to Mark” doesn’t even hide the references to biblical story of Jesus. Here comes this man that was only left there to vacation at the ranch and he ends up getting crucified. The family is much like his disciples in a way. They don’t follow him around or anything, but they do love to listen to him read the English bible. Their being creatures of habit, they only wanted to hear the same thing time and time again. Borges says, “Having finished the Gospel according to Saint Mark, he wanted to read another of the three Gospels that remained, but the father asked him to repeat the one he had just read, so they could understand it better. Espinosa felt that they were like children, to whom repetion is more pleasing than variations or novelty.” In the gospel of Mark, the story of Jesus is told, how he lived, and how he died. The family, especially the father wanted to hear the gospel of Mark as opposed to the other gospels. This may be due to the fact that the father wanted to hear the ways that Jesus own people wanted to crucify him in the end-which is what they did to Balthazar in the end. Also, the fact that Balthazar grows a beard portrays him as the Jesus figure in this story. Borges says, “Espinosa, who had grown a beard, began dallying in front of the mirror to study his new face and he smiled…” The Gospel According to Mark is Borges’ take on the story of Jesus. This is shown through Balthazar’s friendly gestures to read to the family; much like Jesus’ unconditional love for everyone, only to be killed by his own people in the end.

  • Yashira Avendano
    2019-02-19 11:33

    Even though reading The Gospel According to Mark wasn’t the best thing, it did remind me of the bible. Being a Catholic, I took church classes when I was younger and we obviously read the bible which is why I made an inference right away with the bible. However, I didn’t always understand what every symbol really meant. Following next, I read the name Baltasar and it is definitely an archetypal Christ figure. Most of his descriptions give up the fact that he is Christ figure such as the fact that he is thirty-three years of age, a healer, has been betrayed by his closest people, and was crucified in a cross. This all proves how his life shows him as a Christ figure after undergoing most of what Christ suffered through his life. The rain in this story also symbolizes Baltasar’s baptism. The author Borges helps portray Jesus’s life through the character Baltasar. Aside of it, he makes it easy for any reader to understand everything that is occurring throughout the story. It would be much easier if one knew more about religion, but that isn’t necessary since the story is much detailed throughout the entire story. For those who don’t know much about religion or are not well educated, this reading would be something good to read to help them understand it better.

  • Marco Maniaci
    2019-02-26 14:28

    The Gospel According to Mark, by Jorge Luis Borges was a very cleverly written short story. I believe Borges, the author, is actually Baltasar Espinosa, the protagonist in the story. The reason that Jorge is Baltasar is because just like in person he was an English tutor, and felt as if he was smarter than the Gutre family because he was educated. Another reason that he is Baltasar is because Baltasar’s outcome was very similar to that of Jesus Christ’s even though he was nothing like Jesus. Jesus, even though he is the Son of God, and overall above all us humans, was opposed by the people in the land he was in and was overall stripped of his title as king of kings, mocked by the people and priests, then killed. However Jesus rose up, and was seen in a position of power again through religion. This is similar to Borges because when Colonel Juan Peron came into power, and Cave opposed him, he was stripped of his job as Librarian, mocked by being offered a job as a chicken inspector, and hypothetically killed by having no job or social status at all. However Cave rose up again and became director of the nation library and Professor of English Literature at the University of Buenos Aires.

  • Lindsey
    2019-03-03 07:44

    I did find this short story enjoyable because the parallels between Espinosa and Jesus became greater and more obvious as the writing progressed. Early on, Borges had described Espinosa as extremely kind and good at public speaking. In addition, he was 33 years old and had grown a beard. These facts all were similar or identical to Jesus but it wasn't until later in the story that these characteristics would be seen as a reference to Jesus. When Borges described how the Gutres became interested in talking with Espinosa only when he would read them the Bible, I starting thinking about these earlier characteristics and how they related to Jesus. I did like the progression of the story where Espinosa heals the pet lamb, which caused the Gutres to look upon him as more than just a man. When Mr. Gutre asked him if the Roman soldiers who crucified Jesus were saved and Espinosa responded yes, it seemed apparent that Gutre had something in mind. The one aspect of the story I was unsure of was what the symbolism was of the girl. Did she see Espinosa as a powerful and likable man? Or was he also Jesus to her? The fact that she wept at the end of the story could symbolize either or both of these possibilities.

  • Cafar100
    2019-02-19 12:36

    I found this story very relate-able in the setting because I am in fact Uruguayan and am knowledgeable of Argentina as well. my father is from Montevideo and we have many close family friends that are Argentinian. That might be why I am partial to this story, or why it drew me in in the first place, being able to understand the culture or what gauchos are about. I have come in contact with many and it made reading the story that much more real.The ending was CRAZY shocking. I don't know if it was intended to be a religious message but it really shows how much a person can hold onto something and take this extremely seriously. It seemed to be that the Gutres didn't really have anything to believe in or hope for and when they heard this bible passage, it stuck with them. The only salvation they had heard of was through ancient texts and ways. IT makes one really stp and think about how naive a person can be to take soemthing so literally, and also how much life has changed throughout the course of time. We don't crucify people anymore, but.. The Gutres didn't know that. It's such a strong message. It doesn't make me question my religion, but it makes me stop to think about it. And reflect. Which, I think, was the purpose of the entire story: To think freely.

  • Claudefang
    2019-03-01 07:43

    In the story “The Gospel According To Mark” written by Jorge Luis Borges, Borges made a lot of critiques about religion as well as humanity and human nature. Just based on the story itself, without any interpretation, it is hard to tell what the story is referring to, or what is the story actually trying to critique. But, by look into the details, it is actually not that hard to see there is a connection between the story and the religion. Although Borges didn’t specifically tell the readers that this story is actually about any religion, it is shown very clear in the story by the impression to the readers of the characters he made. I say this because his characters in this short story are very symbolic. For instance, one of his characters Espinosa who has beard is meant to represent Jesus Christ, because when people think of Jesus, people would be imaging a male character with a heavy beard. Also, in the similar fashion, Gutres who are like followers to him are representing the people who follow Jesus. So, by using the similar events like Espinosa and Jesus both taught their followers doctrine from the Bible, Borges got people to relate the story to the religion and so that he can make critiques based on the story.

  • Daniel Streit
    2019-03-05 10:31

    Jorge Luis Borges’ The Gospel According to Mark is a story that follows a harmless, humble man named Baltasar and his time living with the Gutre family, to whom he teaches lessons from the Bible. As the main theme of this story is Baltasar’s Christ-like lifestyle, Borges’ story is filled with many references to the Bible. These references include names from the bible (Baltasar and Daniel), Baltasar’s dream of Noah’s Ark, and the depiction of crucifixion at the end of the story. I know my fair share of religious information as I was raised a Catholic, yet I did not completely understand how the religious symbols in the story completely complimented themselves. The way I interpreted this story is that Baltasar represents the Jesus-like character who preaches to the family the word of God. Yet, they misinterpret his stories and think that it is morally okay to crucify him. This is foreshadowed when Gutre asks about heaven and says, “the Roman soldiers who hammered in the nails – they were saved too?” (187). I believe that this story may represent peoples’ misunderstanding in religion and what they think they worship. It took me a while to line up all of the religious suggestions, but I loved how they story concluded with a completely unexpected ending.

  • Dallas
    2019-02-28 07:32

    Borges like an assassin with his blade, took “The Gospel of Mark” and silently struck me. By the time I saw what was coming, it had been too late. This story affected me because of its use in Christianity and its symbols. Having a background in Christian knowledge, I feel I would have understood this use, but the pieces were woven in, masterfully, I only understood at the end.
 Here, an agnostic/atheist man comes to teach these native americans of Christ. In a rather ironic twist, he begins to resemble Jesus himself and with it the respect and reverence of the people. In his lackluster attempts at preaching, he unknowingly imprints these people to carry out a deed that could have been avoidable if he had preached with better understanding. This correlates to a phrase I remember as “The blind leading the blind”, and Borges uses this phrase to call out the people in his own existence. With its use of symbolism and elements, I feel that the message is shown in a rather artful interpretation. Through this story I can understand the power of naivety, and the greater power of the few who exploit the naive.

  • Tyler Bice
    2019-02-18 10:25

    Instantly, right off the the bat the title is symbolic of the bible. This story shows very strong Christian symbolism and the main character ends up being the Christ figure in the story. The story is about a man who starts reading the bible to these Indian people in which he is staying at during the sumer time. The main character is a very kind man and is known for his talent in public speaking. I think that authors intention is to set up the main character to be like Jesus to really make the ending of his story so symbolic. The man ends of sleeping with an Indian girl who walked into his room one night so he gets crucified at the end of the story. But the funny part is the Indians in the morning before they kill him ask him to repeat the story of the crucifixion and the main character Baltasar sais that everyone is forgiven because Jesus dies, even the Roman solders. Thus, making them think it is ok for them to kill Baltasar Espinoza for sleeping with the girl.

  • Andrew
    2019-03-02 12:18

    The protagonist was a religious man who worshiped like other French. The experience in the ranch which was the story happens totally changed his life and his way of thinking. The thunder woke him up at night which symbolized that he began to doubt the religous faith that he trully believed for a long time in his life. Comparing his altitude in the past, he turned from the person who would never allow other people go against his religous believe to the compeletly opposite way. In the end, he said the "water have droped and it would be long". As he heard the echo, he was clear of his religous trust, and he valued this experice in the ranch as an important lession to him which competly changed his way of living.

  • Joselito Honestly and Brilliantly
    2019-03-17 08:31

    I remember several reviews (forgot which and by whom) which heaped praises upon the reviewed works and where the usual encomiums would be something like that "not a word is misplaced (or wasted)."Here, however, Borges seems to say that a story is a story and for as long as one has something to tell it does not matter if the plot goes a straight line, or in a spiral, or back-and-forth, or in several different directions. Stand upon the ending of this story and look back. You'll see a vast expanse of unnecessary words, and phrases, and details, like garbage spread out in a pointless, unending desert.Still, it all came together so beautifully.

  • Nathalia
    2019-02-26 07:31

    I want to start this very short review by stating that I'm originally not a fan of Jorge Luis Borges, so I suppose I'm a tad biased. Although I did enjoy the message that Borges was trying to portray throughout his piece, I simply could not stop focusing on how fragmented the story felt.2.5 stars.

  • Red
    2019-03-11 12:27

    j'ai faim, j'ai toujour faim

  • Dave
    2019-02-25 08:35

    Listened to this podcast over at the New Yorker with Paul Theroux reading:

    2019-03-20 14:28

    short, haunting tale

  • Sharayu Gangurde
    2019-02-22 14:32

    This short story is only four pages long but packs a vivid imagery of such minute details within its narration. The end, sent me flying high on my chair with shock. Balthaser is a young doctor, visiting his cousin in Argentina. There, at his cousin's house he meets their help, a family of two, father and daughter, by the name of Guthers. They are illiterate and have possibly not seen or interacted with literate men or women. Balthaser finds some books and in order to alleviate his boredom reads The Gospel of St. Mark aloud to himself and the family. They listen attentively. And then, something happens.I never saw that end coming. In awe of Borges and the translator who did such a fine job with conveying the gist of the story.

  • Senaida Nunez
    2019-03-16 08:22

    The bible is a book that has survived the test of time and will most likely survive till the end of time. Many have tried to impersonate Jesus Christ and claim to be his reincarnation and they have succeeded in convincing others to follow them and praise them as someone who is holy. With that being said, it is obvious that there would be many versions of the bible and my stories written about it.One such short story by Jorge Luis Borges is “The gospel according to Mark”. Some choose to live their life by the bible following what it says and they choose to preach it to other people; on the other hand there is Espinoza from the story are “freethinkers” and prefer to have logic rule their lives. Whatever the reader may believe in this story shows the reader both sides of this argument.“The Gospel according to Mark” starts off Introducing Espinoza, which is the main character, as a man of many contradictions and flaws. Espinoza is a man “with no traits worthier than to note the gift of public speaking” and “He was intelligent and open to learning, but was lazy”; he is basically a man of no importance. The story then leads to Espinoza going to his cousin’s ranch and meeting the Gutres, a family group made up by a father, son and a girl of unknown paternity; they were illiterates. At first Espinoza has nothing in common with them but when his cousin leaves to do a business deal, he and the Gutres have to come together because of a great storm that caused massive flooding. After the storm caused a leak in the roof of the tool shed (the Gutres house), Espinoza let them live in the back room of the house. Being bored with no challenging literature in the house Espinoza tries to find something to read to the Gutres since they are illiterate; and finds a bible. He attempts to read this to the Gutres since his last attempt, reading about a cattle drover, didn’t catch the attention of the Gutres since the father had been one himself. Once he starts to read the bible to them he notices how attentive they were. It was as if they were hanging on to every word he said. They now start to rush through their dinner so that they can get to the bible reading. Espinoza can hear the hammering of wood throughout this part of the story and assumes it’s the Gutres fixing the tool shed. Once he finished the chapter he was going to move to the next one when the father Gutres asks him to reread that chapter so that they can better understand it. The girl Gutres had a pet lamb that she took care of; she would put a sky blue ribbon on it. One day the lamb gets injured and the Gutres were going to put spider webs on the cut but Espinoza intervenes and gives the lamb medication. This act is the turning point in the story. After he did that the Gutres followed him around the house and basically started to worship him. They would do what he said without question and started to leave him coffee the way he liked it even though no one else drank it. At the end of the story the Gutres ask him if Christ had let himself be killed to save mankind and Espinoza responds to that by saying yes to save mankind from hell. After inquiring what hell was Espinoza explained what it was. They asked him if even the ones that drove the nail would be saved and he said yes. After lunch that day they had asked him to read the last chapters. Later on that evening he wakes up from a nap and goes down the hall and starts to talk to the father Gutres about the waters residing. The three Gutres then kneel in front of him and ask for his blessing, and then they start to curse him and spit at him and made him go to the back of the house. “Espinoza realized what awaited him on the other side of the door. When they opened it, he saw the sky. A bird screamed; it’s a goldfinch, Espinoza thought. There was no roof on the shed; they had torn the roof beams to build the Cross” this is last line of the story.From my perspective this story compared Jesus Christ and his followers to Espinoza and the Gutres. The story shows all the important characteristics of Jesus Christ in Espinoza; for example being a good speaker and a healer. Also, how Jesus Christ followers ended up crucifying him as were the Gutres to Espinoza. In my opinion this short story is like a jab at Jesus Christ followers by comparing them to the Gutres which were said to be “childlike” and illiterate. This story shows the types of lives that were lived before and after religion play its part. After reading this story is make me see Christian followers in a different point of view. Religion does play a major role in the vast majority of people and most are not like the Gutres. It shows how easily people are influenced when they have no education. This story, like I stated earlier, shows both sides of the story; before and after religion

  • Rhett Ramirez
    2019-03-14 09:32

    Immediately, even by the title, I knew this would be a parallel to the Bible. The main character is reading the Bible to the Indians that he is staying with in the summer, and is recognized and held in high esteem for his public speaking skills (Like Christ). The man sleeps with an Indian girl, and ironically, the people decide to crucify him. They justify their actions because in the Bible, Jesus forgives everybody for their sins, even the Roman. The Indians believed that they would be forgiven, so killed the very man who had taught them the stories of the Bible. The story is both ironic, and haunting as well. The parallels to the Bible are incredibly apparent, and I think is making a criticism that even modern day society can misinterpret the stories, and never learn from our mistakes.